Flood disasters are exacerbated by climate change. The 2022 floods in Nigeria were the worst experienced in the country as it surpassed those of 2012 which were unprecedented according to the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA).
The Federal Government in its bid to address this recurring hydrological extreme (flood), constituted a Presidential Committee for Development of a Comprehensive Plan of Action for Preventing Flood Disasters in Nigeria with the mandate of finding a lasting solution to the flooding challenges and its negative impact on the nation. The committee, understanding the urgency of conducting its mandate, has since been working assiduously to compile and submit its report
The Nigerian Hydrological Services Agency (NIHSA) in its 2023 Annual Flood Outlook (AFO) stated that 66 LGAs fall within the High Flood risk Areas in the months of April, May and June; 148 LGAs in the in the months of July, August and September and 100 LGAs in the months of October and November.
In addition, a total of 41 LGAs fall within the Moderate Flood-risk Areas in the months of April, May and June; 199 LGAs in the months of July, August and September; and 72 LGAs in the Months of October and November.
Some States that are located along the coast such as Bayelsa, Delta, Lagos and Rivers are at high risk of coastal flooding due to rise in sea level and tidal surge which could negatively impact agriculture, habitation and transportation.
Owing to poor drainage systems which characterize most cities in the country, flash and urban floods are expected to occur; and the severity of the expected flooding. Accordingly, it is recommended that continuous sensitization and awareness campaigns be intensified, as well as river training, clearing of the waterways and maintenance of hydraulic structures be maintained.
Stakeholders, decision and policy makers, relevant federal, state and local government agencies should take note of the information contained in the 2023 AFO and prepare in advance. Finally, it is advised that the predictions of flood for 2023 AFO be adhered to and all recommendations heeded.
Excerpt from NIHSA Flood Outlook 2023
For the full report, please click here to download: