Kofi Annan, one of the world’s most celebrated diplomats and a charismatic symbol of the United Nations who rose through its ranks to become the first black African secretary-general, has died. He was 80. (Aug. 18) AP
Kofi Annan, who rose through the ranks of the United Nations to become its first African-American secretary-general and one of the world’s most celebrated diplomats, died Saturday. He was 80. Annan had a colourful, impactful life, devoting decades to advocacy for peace and reform. Here are five things to know about him.
Annan was born in 1938 to a prominent family in Kumasi, Ghana’s second-largest city. The son of the governor of the Ashanti province under British colonial rule, Annan attended top schools in Ghana, Switzerland and the United States.
Annan started his U.N. career at just 24, working as an administrator at the World Health Organization. He quickly rose through the ranks, serving as head of personnel for the U.N. mission in Cairo, deputy director of the UNHCR in Geneva, and deputy U.N. secretary-general and under-secretary-general for peacekeeping.
In 1997, he was elected secretary-general, making him the first person from Sub-Saharan Africa to hold the position.
In his opening speech as U.N. secretary-general, Annan spoke of his goals to shape global politics as well as carry out administrative tasks. His original agenda ranged from fighting global poverty and AIDS to addressing global warming.
In 2001, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to both Annan and the United Nations. Gunnar Berge, the chairman of the Oslo-based panel, said in an interview at the time that Annan was “an excellent representative of the United Nations and probably the most effective secretary-general in its history.”
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While serving as head of U.N. peacekeeping troops in 1994, Annan faced severe criticism when radical Hutu militias killed over 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus in an episode later known as the Rwandan genocide.
Annan, accused of failing to provide adequate support, later expressed regret: “The international community failed Rwanda, and that must leave us always with a sense of bitter regret and abiding sorrow.”
Annan stepped down from his post in 2006 but continued to hold an influential role in international diplomacy.
In 2007, Annan acted as a negotiator when post-election violence broke out in Kenya between the government and the opposition. In February 2012, he was named a special representative in the Syrian Civil War but stepped down six months later. Most recently, he headed an expert commission to determine a solution to violence against the Rohingya minority in Myanmar in 2017.
In 2013, Annan became chair of the Elders, a group of retired world diplomats who meet regularly and plan discreet interventions in world conflicts, founded by Nelson Mandela.
When accepting his Nobel Peace Prize, Annan said, “This award belongs not just to me. I do not stand here alone. On behalf of my colleagues in every part of the United Nations, in every corner of the globe, who have devoted their lives – and in many instances risked or given their lives in the cause of peace – I thank the Members of the Nobel Prize Committee for this high honour.”
Annan will be remembered as soft-spoken yet commanding, a small man dressed in tailored suits with a trademark goatee. He’s survived by Nane Lagergren, his second wife, and two children from his first marriage.
Culled From: usatoday
Photo Credit: citizentv.co.ke