This edition of the weekly update spotlights communal conflict in the Niger Delta with a focus on the resurgence of communal violence in Cross River State. Clashes over communal land and boundary disputes have been major causes of lethal violence and insecurity in Cross River State. According to data (see map above), communal violence caused over 100 fatalities in Cross River State between January 2021 and June 2023. Recent incidents indicate a resurgence of communal violence in the State. In August 2023, for instance, a group of armed youths led by a youth leader from a neighboring community reportedly killed a family head during a meeting in Bebuatswan village, Obudu LGA. In September, seven persons were reportedly killed, many others injured and over 15 houses destroyed during a clash over a boundary dispute between Ijiegu- Yache community in Yala LGA, Cross River State and Mbaaka community in Konshisha LGA, Benue State. Recently, on September 20, 2023, gunmen suspected to be local militias reportedly attacked residents and killed three persons in Utanga and other communities in Obalinku LGA.